The beginning of the 21st century marked the beginning of a new era, an era of advancements and technology. Even though the millennium began with some revolutionary changes and ideas that the people before would never have imagined, it still brought with it some harms. The most harm done in the 21st century was to the environment. With the ongoing development of society and industrialization taking place, everything is changing, and not all of it is for the better.
Changes in Climate
The process of industrialization gave birth to a new horror for this planet, the only planet in the entire solar system that may sustain human lives, pollution. As industries on this planet grew, pollution increased. Pollution not only damaged the Earth’s ozone layer but also bought drastic climate changes with it (Nrdc.org, 2010). The increased climatic changes not only had their effect on humans but also on other living beings that occupy this planet, animals. Animals have had to face all the changes that humans made in this planet and have been affected by it. Industrialization not only increased pollution but also took to deforestation. The process of globalization, forming communities and growing closer together had an adverse effect on animals; it took away their natural home. The changes in climate were extreme to the extent of leading some species of animals to become rare and gradually extinct (Worldnewsdailyreport.com, 2014).
Animals left Helpless
Since the meltdown of the North Pole, polar bears and penguins have decreased greatly in numbers. Some arctic animals like mammoths and saber-teeth have gone extinct (Prendergast, 2014), all because of climate change. With these conditions following the lives of every being on the planet, the helpless are bound to take refuge with the providers. Animals are helpless creatures when it comes to choosing a suitable environment for them because they cannot control their surroundings. They do not have the facilities or intelligence to arrange the temperature for automatic increment and decrement according to their choice, like humans do. In this case zoos provide the shelter that they need for survival.
Zoos Are Not Unethical
Zoos are not at all unethical if the animals residing are properly taken care of and met with all their demands. Animals are fragile creatures as they cannot communicate their needs to humans. They do have their own language but is beyond human understanding. If zoos are providing everything an animal needs, good food, proper environment, nurturing and hygiene then zoos are as ethical as it can get. Zoos these days also contain medical professionals who assist mother animals in delivering their babies and tend to wounded animals. The babies are also fed on time and well taken care of. There is nothing unethical with zoos if they are met with all the professional requirements needed to take care of a living thing.
Even though the animals’ freedom is compromised, their security and nourishment is increased in zoos. The animals are well kept and taken care of and provided as similar of a natural habitat as they can. Animals have a higher chance of dying because of malnutrition in their natural habitat (Yarrow, 2014) as they have in zoos. Animals in zoos are fed regularly and properly. With the advancements of technology that helps provide better places for animals to live in, zoos are not unethical at all.
Nrdc.org,. (2010). NRDC: The Worst Summer Ever?. Retrieved 27 May 2014, from nrdc.org/globalwarming/hottestsummer/
Prendergast, K. (2014). The Last Big?Meltdown | History Today. Historytoday.com. Retrieved 27 May 2014, from historytoday.com/kate-prendergast/last-big%E2%80%88meltdown
Worldnewsdailyreport.com,. (2014). Arctic Penguins now extinct. Retrieved 27 May 2014, from worldnewsdailyreport.com/arctic-penguins-now-extinct/
Yarrow, G. (2014). Habitat Requirements of Wildlife: Food, Water, Cover and Space. Clemson University: South Carolina. Clemson.edu. Retrieved 27 May 2014, from clemson.edu/extension/natural_resources/wildlife/publications/fs14_habitat_requirements.html